Effectiveness of Hydrotherapy in Congenital Muscular Torticollis


Congenital muscular torticollis (CMT); is one of the musculoskeletal diseases seen in the neonatal and infant period. It is formed as a result of stretching the sternocleidomastoid (SCM) muscle in childhood. Due to unilateral contraction of the SCM muscle, ipsilateral head tilt, contralateral face and jaw rotation occur. Exercise and positioning in physical therapy constitute the conservative treatment of CMT. Hydrotherapy treatment has not been used in CMT cases. However, most of the CMT which are not treated early are resolved by surgical intervention. In this case, the effectiveness and success of exercise and hydrotherapy on the patient with CMT were presented.

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